Globally, the leading car manufactures are competing against each other over the implementation of new technologies, such as autonomous driving, vehicle connectivity, electrification, and shared mobility.
As cars steadily become “computers on wheels”, Agile management is spreading from software development to the whole firm.
Volvo Cars has around 40,000 employees and produces around 700,000 cars per year.
The Forbes Journalist, Steve Denning asked Anna Sandberg, the Head of Continuous Improvement & Change at Product Creation, Volvo Cars in Gotherburg, Sweden about her role and Agile journey at Volvo Cars.
Anna Sandberg: My arrival at Volvo Cars in September 2017 coincided with a decision by Volvo top management to embrace Agile development in software. Initially, my job was to lead the implementation of Agile in the software community. But after six months, my assignment expanded to cover the whole product range, both hardware and software.
Volvo understood that cars were becoming “computers on wheels”. We needed methods that were suitable to that purpose. We had been trying to develop the physical car and then add the software later. We saw that to build these “computers on wheels,” we needed to develop the software and hardware at the same time in an integrated fashion. Initially it was hard to get people to understand this shift. Even today, we need to keep reminding ourselves of this necessity.
Like many companies, Volvo Cars had for some years had a bottom-up Agile movement. There were individuals and software teams that had been attracted to Agile for many years. But Volvo Cars hadn’t managed to scale those efforts. A couple of initiatives had been started, including training in Scrum. But the activity was scattered and it wasn’t happening in a coordinated fashion at scale.
The Goal Of The Agile Transformation
SD: What was the objective of the Agile transformation?
AS: At the start, we talked about speed and responsiveness. We knew that things were going too slowly compared to changes in the automotive world. The automotive industry is currently going through a significant transformation that is being driven by changing consumer behaviors, technology shifts and digitization. Furthermore, there was also a concern about quality. In one of the platforms, the quality was at a level that we had never seen before. To handle this situation, we saw that we would have to do things differently. We knew we had to implement more modern management methods to handle the future development of our cars.
Agile In The Automotive Industry
SD: The automotive industry is striking for having strict calendar cycles. The next model will be delivered at a certain date, come what may. It is decided. It is fixed. It will happen then. “The new model must come out exactly two and a half years from now, that is to say, May 5, 2022.” How prominent is that thinking in Volvo Cars?
AS: This is true of all the automotive firms. The reason is that we have to plan production starts. We have to order everything that we will need so that we are ready for the start of production. All the materials have to be in place at the right time. We have to pre-order a long way in advance even as we try to do this as late as possible. Otherwise we risk running into massive problems with supply flows.
Consumers don’t want to spend a lot of time selecting the features they want and then wait ten months to get the car. They want to be sure they get all the good stuff in the car at the outset.
So we need to rethink what we do and how we do it and how we plan our work. This is ongoing in the car industry all around the world. In the car industry, there is a tradition of having to have everything locked down a year in advance. But in the future cars, when software is totally dominating, you know it will be out-of-date when it is delivered if development takes too long
Thus when we were developing the speech functions in the car, we found that we had installed functions that people didn’t use as expected. That was partly embarrassing and partly very educational for us. We saw that we had to change our development approach.
We also have to be collaborating with our partners. We can’t do everything ourselves. We collaborate with Google for instance. But we are also steadily doing more software in-house. We are more selective about which matters are strategic that we want to keep in-house. Of course, the software code is part of a much bigger system. So our partners also have to be part of the overall system.
The Status Of Agile At Volvo Cars
SD: So overall, what’s the status of the Agile journey at Volvo Cars?
AS: We officially ended the basic Agile transformation phase in December 2019, after two and a half years of Agile transformation work. But the Agile journey continues. We now say that we are entering the phase of “continuous improvement.” We will optimize and improve the system continuously. We will build up a system as we build up the teams, identifying impediments and seeing how to fix them, or escalate them so that they get fixed at the next level.
We are putting more emphasis on Lean thinking, with continuous improvement and flow. We value flow mapping. We are continuing to evolve the SAFe system. We expect to be exploring all aspects of Agile in more detail. We will be much more data-driven. We will have more performance dialogues on where we are going and discerning trends. We understand that we have lots of challenges in front of us to optimize the system that we now have in place.
SD: Is “Agile” a good word today in Volvo Cars?
AS: My take is that “Agile” has changed from being a bad word to a word that is accepted to explain what we are doing. It’s not controversial anymore. That’s where the journey has taken us. But we still have people who have not understood, or who hesitate, or who ask questions. But the majority have accepted the change and are trying to figure out the practical implications for themselves: “How do I act in the best way in this mode of operation and then make the change?”
We are now in a phase where we see problems, that is, opportunities for improvement, all over the place. We have come to realize that these problems are not the result of Agile. It is Agile that has enabled us to see all those problems as opportunities for improvement so that we can start acting to take advantage of them. That is our challenge.
Overall, we see ourselves as having just completed the basic steps in our Agile transformation journey. We are now pursuing continuous improvement. We are on a journey and we know the journey must continue. We like to say that we have made enough progress on Agile to understand the ways in which we are not yet Agile
Source: Forbes, 2020
95% protection against Covid-19 illness and is safe to be rolled out.
The UK has already ordered 40 million doses of the jab - enough to vaccinate 20 million people. The first doses are already on their way to the UK, with 800,000 due in the coming days.
Care homes stuff and elderly people in care homes will be on the priority list for the vaccination followed by over-80s and health and care staff.
Despite the great news and overwhelming public excitement, the Prime Minister Boris Johnson urged everyone not to get "carried away with over optimism or falling into the naive belief that our struggle is over".
The Prime Minister commented that while the "searchlights of science" had created a working vaccine, significant logistical challenges remained.
The Pfizer/BioNTech jab is the fastest vaccine to go from concept to reality that is estimated to take only 10 months to follow the same steps that usually take 10 years.
According to Mr Hancock doses will be rolled out as quickly as they can be made by Pfizer in Belgium with the first load next week and then "several millions" throughout December.
As soon as the vaccine arrives, it will be sent straight to major hospitals who have the ultra-cold facilities to store it.
From there it can be moved just once - and when it is, it must be kept in batches of 1,000.
That means sending it out to care homes, where there may be only a few dozen residents in some places, would lead to a huge amount of vaccine being wasted.
Because of that, the NHS, which is in charge of distributing the vaccine, will run clinics from hospitals at first.
This will allow NHS and care home staff to get immunised first as well as, perhaps, some of the older age groups who come into hospital.
It looks like it will not be until much more of the Pfizer vaccine is available or the Oxford University one, which is easier to distribute, is approved that care home residents will be able to get it.
The bulk of the rollout across the UK will be next year, Mr Hancock said, adding: "2020 has been just awful and 2021 is going to be better."
America finally decided after more than three days of uncertainty while election ballots were counted.
In his first speech since being named US president-elect, Joe Biden promised to "unify" the country and heal deep divisions. But what more do we know about the 77-year-old, who, after his inauguration on 20 January, will officially become the next US commander-in-chief?
As the US faces challenges from coronavirus to racial inequity, his pitch is to create new economic opportunities for workers, restore environmental protections and healthcare rights, and international alliances.
Approach to tackling coronavirus
Mr. Biden, who has served in public life for around a half-century, is emphasizing his government experience, seeking to cast himself as a steady, seasoned hand in a dangerous and uncertain world.
As the coronavirus crisis has unfolded, he has looked for ways to help voters picture him as commander in chief, formulating recommendations rooted in advice from health care and economics experts.
Mr Biden's approach to tackling coronavirus is to provide free testing for all and hire 100,000 people to set up a national contact-tracing programme.
Mr Biden plans to establish at least 10 testing centres in every state, call upon federal agencies to deploy resources and give firmer national guidance through federal experts. He says all governors should mandate wearing masks.
To address the immediate impact of the coronavirus crisis, Mr Biden has vowed to spend "whatever it takes" to extend loans to small businesses and increase direct money payments to families.
Criminal Justice reform
In the wake of the race protests that have gripped the US this year, he said he believes that racism exists in the US and must be dealt with through broad economic and social programmes to support minorities. A pillar of his "build back" programme is to create business support for minorities through a $30bn investment fund.
Global climate change
Mr Biden has called climate change an existential threat, and says he will rally the rest of the world to act more quickly on curbing emissions by rejoining the Paris Climate Accord. The agreement, which Donald Trump withdrew from, committed the US to cutting greenhouse gases up to 28% by 2025, based on 2005 levels.
Undo Trump’s policies
In his first 100 days in office, Mr Biden promises to reverse Trump policies that separate parents from their children at the US-Mexican border, rescind limits on the number of applications for asylum and end the bans on travel from several majority-Muslim countries. He also promises to protect the "Dreamers" - people brought illegally to the US as children who were permitted to stay under an Obama-era policy - as well as ensure they are eligible for federal student aid
The Health Secretary Matt Handcock announced today that the NHS should become ready for deployment of coronavirus vaccine from the start of December 2020.
The Covid-19 vaccine has been developed by Pfizer and BioNTech and is found to be 90 % effective against the virus.
The Health Secretary called the development a "promising news" however warned that it was only one step of many the country needs to tackle the pandemic once and for all.
The Prime Minister Boris Johnson expressed a "huge thanks" to Kate Bingham, the head of the UK's vaccine taskforce, for securing 40 million doses of the Pfizer and BioNTech vaccine.
According to the British Medical Association Covid-19 vaccines could be available from GPs and large drive-through sites 12 hours a day and seven days a week.
Doctors should get ready to start giving out jabs as soon as they are available, the medical union said.
GP surgeries were advised to be ready for "rapid delivery" of Covid-19 vaccines as soon as they are approved.
Guidance on a new "directed enhanced service" were given to family doctors, describing that they would work longer hours from 8am to 8pm Monday to Sunday to deliver the vaccination. Patients are set to be given two vaccine doses - either 21 or 28 days apart.
As well as GPs and chemists, vaccines could also be available at mass vaccination centres that will operate "in a similar way to testing centres" There could also be "roving teams" of vaccine nurses who offer jabs to those in care homes or to people who are housebound.
Vaccine availability will be limited at the beginning, meaning only small numbers of vaccines may be given in December with most vaccinations taking place in early 2021.
"Working together, practices will need to be prepared to offer vaccinations seven days a week so that the vaccine is delivered within its short shelf-life and so patients receive it as soon as possible."Practices will need to work together to decide which one practice (or another appropriate site) is used for the vaccination site, remembering the need for provision to be potentially available 8am to 8pm, seven days a week."
But scientists have expressed concerns about how GPs will store vaccines as they must be kept at -80C. They say many surgeries do not have freezers cold enough for them.
In the recent years Berlin started to spark its reputation by its liberal diversity, cool image and low costs of living becoming more and more an attractive destination for international innovative minds. With a growing supportive infrastructure and innovative culture the city’s entrepreneurial spirit has started flourishing, attracting young and ambitions to join the movement.
Berlin has become a magnet for young tech talents from all over the world for a number of reasons:
An attractive hub for investors
Creative industries account for 40,000 companies in the Berlin with over 350,000 workers being employed and producing an annual turnover of over 35 billion euros. According to the recent research, Berlin startups received 1.9 billion euros in funding over the first 6 months in the last year.
Alex Jjung - the cofounder of SoundCloud (a successful Berlin startup) commented about Berlin is that “one of the reasons why it is good for startups is because the whole city is a startup.” In the last three decades the city has evolved a lot and so has its economy.
A place for inspiration for creative minds
Due to its diverse history the German capital embrace this extrinsic mixture of modern and old, which makes it an attractive melting pot for creative minds and innovative businesses as a source of inspiration and generation of cool ideas.
From an interview of a Parisian web developer - Lily, who has recently moved from Brighton to Berlin Lily to work for Brandwatch (one of the world’s leading social intelligence company with offices in the UK, US, Singapore and Berlin) she describes Berlin as the perfect place for innovative ideas to flow with its discussion areas and graffiti covered walls offices.
Lilly said: “It's probably one of the most liberal cities of Europe, you really can be yourself. This city definitely plays by its own rules and because of that it encourages people to be their most creative.”
Amazingly international diversity
According to the Institute of Strategy and Development (IFSE) Berlin start ups are the major employers of international employees with 620,000 registered internationals in the city, which makes 16,5 % of total population of Berlin with over 186 different nationalities reside in the city.
According to the Global Start Ups Ecosystem report, with 49% of its employees are being internationals Berlin’s start-ups beat Silicon Valley (45% internationals) by its diversity and is only topped up by London.
The highest pay for Software developers
Software developers and managers are the most highly paid jobs in Berlin with an average starting salary of 2,900 euros for a software developer rising to an average of 5,000 euros for an experienced developer (10+ years).
The happiest employees in the IT industry
The first comprehensive start-up salary survey in Germany shows that Berliners earn higher salaries and experience more job satisfaction. Additionally, the report showed that those who work in start-ups are happier than those who don’t.
- Strong employment rights
Employment rights in Sweden are one of the cornerstones of the modern Swedish labour market. Swedish Labour unions have a lot of power with the development of an environment where the health and safety of employees come first. In addition to union support, a government agency, the ( ), ensures employees’ well-being at work.
- Equality comes first
Sweden’s anti-discrimination legislation guarantees that everyone has the right to be treated equally regardless of ethnicity, religion, gender, age, sexual orientation or functional disabilities.
- Work permits for your family
Family-focused policies extend to migration regulations; when you apply for a work permit, you can also (including common-law and registered partners) and unmarried children under 21. Your family members can start to work or study right away when you get to Sweden.
- Innovation is highly supported
Sweden encourages innovation. Companies in fields from ICT to energy are at the cutting edge of sustainable development and technological advancement. Swedish companies like IKEA, Ericsson and Spotify have fundamentally changed their fields – and continue to do so. International rankings like the confirm that Sweden is an innovation leader. If you work in Sweden, you could be a part of taking your field to the next level.
- Generous welfare system
In addition to a career where you’re encouraged to develop as an individual, the tax-financed social benefits mean you don’t have to worry about the cost of healthcare, childcare or your children’s education. State subsidies make these and other aspects of life affordable. Eighteen months of paid parental leave – based on income – are offered per child, with job security when you return to work, and sick leave benefit means that you can focus on your health when you need to.
Information for UK nationals moving to or living in Sweden, including guidance on residency, healthcare, passports, and the Withdrawal Agreement.
What you should do
- Check your passport is valid for travel before you book your trip
- Register as a resident in Sweden
- Exchange your UK driving licence for a Swedish one
Visas, Residency and Entry Requirements
There will be no change in residency rules or registration procedures if you arrive in Sweden before or on 31 December 2020. If you are resident in Sweden before or on 31 December 2020, you will be able to stay.
If there are changes to residency registration processes, we will update this guidance as soon as information is available.
If you plan to live in Sweden for more than 1 year, you must register with the Swedish Population Register. The Swedish authorities will issue you an ID number (personnummer).
You can only register if you have a right of residence (uppehållsrätt) for a year or more and comprehensive travel insurance. Under the Withdrawal Agreement, you will automatically have this right if you can support yourself, either by work or by other independent means, or you are studying.
You will not be able to register if you are still looking for a job when you come to Sweden and or do not meet other requirements for residency.
If you’re planning to move as a dependent to a family member who lives in Sweden you must apply for a residence permit.
Passports and travel
The rules on travel will stay the same until the transition period ends on 31 December 2020. During this time you can continue to travel to countries in the Schengen area or elsewhere in the EU with your UK passport.
Check your passport is valid for travel before you book your trip. Your passport should be valid for the proposed duration of your stay.
Passports from 1 January 2021
From 1 January 2021, you must have at least 6 months left on an adult or child passport to travel to most countries in Europe (not including Ireland). This requirement does not apply if you are entering or transiting to Sweden, and you are in scope of the Withdrawal Agreement.
If you renewed your current passport before the previous one expired, extra month may have been added to its expiry date. Any extra months on your passport over 10 years may not count towards the 6 months needed.
If you hold a British Citizen passport, you do not need a visa to enter Sweden. If you’re planning a stay of longer than 3 months.The rules on travel will stay the same until 31 December 2020.
Visas from 1 January 2021
The rules for travelling or working in Europe will change from 1 January 2021:
- You will be able to travel to countries in the Schengen area for up to 90 days in any 180-day period without a visa for purposes such as tourism. This is a rolling 180-day period.
- Therefore, if you’re travelling to Sweden, previous visits to the Schengen area within the 180 days before your date of travel would count against the 90-day limit.
- If you are travelling visa-free to Sweden and to other countries in the Schengen area, make sure your whole visit is within the limit.
- To stay for longer, to work or study, or for business travel you will need to meet the entry requirements set out by Sweden. This could mean applying for a visa or work permit. You should check with the Swedish Embassy what type of visa, if any, you will need.
- Periods of stay authorised under a visa or permit will not count against the 90-day limit.
The European Commission has not yet set out how the limit of 90 days in any 180-day period for visa-free travel will be implemented for those who are already travelling in the EU or Schengen Area on 31 December 2020.
If you are travelling to Sweden before 31 December 2020 and will stay until 1 January 2021 or later, you should check with the Swedish Embassy for information on how the 90-day visa-free limit will apply to you. This also applies if your stay includes travel to other Schengen area countries.
At border control for Sweden, you may need to:
- show a return or onward ticket
- show you have enough money for your stay
- use separate lanes from EU, EEA and Swiss citizens when queueing
- Your passport may be stamped on entry and exit.
Driving in Sweden
Driving licence rules will stay the same until 31 December 2020. If you are a resident in Sweden, you should exchange your UK licence for a Swedish one. You can still use your Swedish licence in the UK for short visits or exchange it for a UK licence without taking a test if you return to live in the UK.
If you are living in Sweden or move there permanently before 31 December 2020, you’ll have life-long healthcare rights in Sweden as you do now, provided you remain resident.
State healthcare: S1
If you live in Sweden and receive an exportable UK pension, contribution-based Employment Support Allowance or another exportable benefit, you may currently be entitled to state healthcare paid for by the UK. You will need to apply for a certificate of entitlement known as an S1 certificate.
European Health Insurance Card (EHIC)
If you are resident in Sweden, you must not use your EHIC from the UK to access healthcare in Sweden. When you travel to Sweden for a temporary stay in another European Economic Area (EEA) country or Switzerland, you can use an EHIC to access state-provided healthcare in that country. During that short stay:
- the EHIC covers treatment that is medically necessary until your planned return home
- an EHIC is not a replacement for comprehensive travel insurance
There will be no changes to your healthcare access before 31 December 2020. You can also continue to use your EHIC, as you did before, during this time.
Working and studying in Sweden. If you are registered as a resident in Sweden you have the right to work in Sweden.
If you are resident in Sweden on or before 31 December 2020, your right to work will stay the same, as long as you remain resident. You should check the Swedish Migration Agency website for information on when and how UK nationals can apply for a work permit.
Money and tax
The UK has a double taxation agreement with Sweden to ensure you do not pay tax on the same income in both countries.Existing double taxation arrangements for UK nationals living in Sweden have not changed.
If you are employed or self-employed in the EU and you have a UK-issued A1/E101 form, you will remain subject to UK legislation until the end date on the form.
Most people living in Europe should not see any change to their banking after 31 December 2020. Your bank or finance provider should contact you if they need to make any changes to your product or the way they provide it. If you have any concerns about whether you might be affected, contact your provider or seek independent financial advice.
Pensions after 31 December 2020
There will be no changes before 31 December 2020 to the rules on claiming the UK State Pension in the EU, EEA or Switzerland as a result of the UK leaving the EU.
If you are living in the EU, EEA or Switzerland by 31 December 2020 you will get your UK State Pension uprated every year for as long as you continue to live there. This will happen even if you start claiming your pension on or after 1 January 2021, as long as you meet the qualifying conditions explained in the new State Pension guidance.
If you are living in Sweden by 31 December 2020, you will be able to count future social security contributions towards meeting the qualifying conditions for your UK State Pension.
If you work and pay social security contributions in Sweden, you will still be able to add your UK social security contributions towards your Swedish pension. This will happen even if you claim your pension after 31 December 2020. If you are considering moving to Sweden on or after 1 January 2021 and you are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, the rules depend on negotiations with the EU and may change.
If you are considering moving to Sweden on or after 1 January 2021 and you are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, the rules depend on negotiations with the EU and may change. Tell the Swedish and UK authorities if you are planning to return to the UK permanently.If you get healthcare in Sweden through the S1 form, you must contact the Overseas Healthcare Team on +44 (0)191 218 1999 to cancel your S1 at the right time.
Original Source: GOV.UK
Since its creation in 1995 Java has been a leading programming language due to its unique features, as Java isn’t confined to any processor or computer, which allows it to be used for cross-platform applications, such as web applications and server-side code. Now Java is the most used language for writing Android apps, as well as its widely used for cloud applications, machine-learning environments and IoT.
To become a professional Java developer a wide range of skills is required with a comprehensive understanding of the basics and latest developments.
Apart the language itself, Java developers also must know how the development process works and how to navigate the environments in which the code runs.
Are Java developers in demand?
Despite of the competition from new languages, Java remains one of the most-in-demand programming languages in the IT industry, including IT industry in Sweden. Apart from the IT industry Java developers are also in high demand in Automotive industry, Engineering, Banking and Consulting Industries.
Salaries for Java developers in Sweden
The salary of a Java Developer usually depends on experience, skills, seniority and location. However, on average a Java Developers in Sweden earns around per month. Salaries range from (lowest) to (highest). While, contract rates can vary from 550 SEK to 900 SEK per hour.
If you are an experieced Java Developer looking for a contract job in Sweden feel free to share with us your CV by registering it on our website.
You might also be interested in checking our latest Java Developer openings, please find links below:
Boris Johnson announced the plan for the uk to become the world’s leader in clean wind energy, which will also result in creating more jobs, slashing carbon emissions and boosting exports.
£160 million will be made available to upgrade ports and infrastructure across communities like in teesside and humber in northern england, scotland and wales to hugely increase our offshore wind capacity, which is already the largest in the world and currently meets 10 per cent of our electricity demand.
This new investment will see around 2,000 construction jobs rapidly created and will enable the sector to support up to 60,000 jobs directly and indirectly by 2030 in ports, factories and the supply chains, manufacturing the next-generation of offshore wind turbines and delivering clean energy to the uk.
Through this, uk businesses including smaller suppliers will be well-placed to win orders and further investment from energy companies around the world and increase their competitive standing on the global stage, as well as supporting low-carbon supply chains.
The prime minister has also set out further commitments to ensure that, within the decade, the uk will be at the forefront of the green industrial revolution as we accelerate our progress towards net zero emissions by 2050.
- Confirming offshore wind will produce more than enough electricity to power every home in the country by 2030, based on current electricity usage, boosting the government’s previous 30gw target to 40gw.
- Creating a new target for floating offshore wind to deliver 1gw of energy by 2030, which is over 15 times the current volumes worldwide. building on the strengths of our north sea, this brand new technology allows wind farms to be built further out to sea in deeper waters, boosting capacity even further where winds are strongest and ensuring the uk remains at the forefront of the next generation of clean energy.
- Setting a target to support up to double the capacity of renewable energy in the next contracts for difference auction, which will open in late 2021 - providing enough clean, low cost energy to power up to 10 million homesThese commitments are the first stage outlined as part of the prime minister’s ten-point plan for a green industrial revolution, which will be set out fully later this year. this is expected to include ambitious targets and major investment into industries, innovation and infrastructure that will accelerate the uk’s path to net zero by 2050.
Prime Minister said:
Our seas hold immense potential to power our homes and communities with low-cost green energy and we are already leading the way in harnessing its strengths.
Now, as we build back better we must build back greener. so we are committing to new ambitious targets and investment into wind power to accelerate our progress towards net zero emissions by 2050.
This sets us on our path towards a green industrial revolution, which will provide tens of thousands of highly-skilled jobs.
Together with planned stringent requirements on supporting uk manufacturers in government-backed renewables projects, these measures will mean the industry can reach its target of 60% of offshore wind farm content coming from the uk.
Business and energy secretary Alok Sharma said:
The offshore wind sector is a major british success story, providing cheap, green electricity while supporting thousands of good-quality jobs.
Powering every home in the country through offshore wind is hugely ambitious, but it’s exactly this kind of ambition which will mean we can build back greener and reach net zero emissions by 2050.
Today’s announcement marks the latest stage of the government’s support for renewable energy. last september the third round of the contracts for difference renewable energy auction delivered record-low prices on enough clean energy to power 7 million homes. earlier this year the government announced the next round would be open to onshore wind and solar projects for the first time since 2015.
The UK has the largest installed capacity of offshore wind in the world, with around 10gw in operation off its coasts.
The government’s plan for renewable energy forms part of wider efforts to ensure the uk meets its legally binding target to reach net zero emissions by 2050 and build back greener from coronavirus.
Over the past decade, the uk has cut carbon emissions by more than any similar developed country. in 2019, uk emissions were 42 per cent lower than in 1990, while our economy over the same period grew by 72 per cent.
Hugh Mcneal, CEO of Renewableuk, said:
The government has raised the ambition for offshore wind and renewables, and our industry is ready to meet the challenge. a green recovery with renewables at its heart will be good for consumers and jobs, as well as helping to meet our 2050 net zero emissions target. support for new floating wind projects will ensure the uk stays at the forefront of global innovation in renewables, and provides new opportunities in the low carbon transition.
As data suggests recent Covid-19 has become a driving force behind an increasing demand for Electric Vehicle and an E-Mobility trend.
According to Kersten Heineke, the McKinsey Center for Future Mobility in Europe, “Covid is going to be an accelerator for the transition to more sustainable mobility”.
Government regulations, lower vehicle costs, more expansive charging networks, and an overall superior customer experience are all driving the growth of electric vehicles (EVs).
The supply chain for EVs is much simpler than for gasoline vehicles, using only about 3,000 to 10,000 parts per vehicle, down from the 30,000 needed vehicles with a traditional powertrain. All the major automakers have committed publicly to an electric future. All of this means that a shift away from internal combustion engines and toward EVs will increase the 2 million or so EVs sold in 2018 by a factor of 10 in the coming decade.
Such innovation will have massive impact on technology companies. Electrification is not just about the car and its components but it involves a great number of other parties to be involved, including battery chemistry, the battery makers, the automakers, the charging infrastructure, the smart energy grid and even the very source of power generation.
It is essential to make each part of this chain to be sustainable, environmentally friendly and ethical. For the battery itself, which depends on analog technology to manage battery formation and test, precision battery management, isolation, powertrain inversion and energy storage, this also means ethical practices even for the battery chemistry.
That is the reason why a trend for battery chemistries will raise, such as lithium iron phosphate (LFP), which is not only cheaper and safer than other chemistries, but is zero cobalt, meaning it totally avoids the ethical issues surrounding cobalt mining.
Additionally, 1/3 of the cost of an electric car comes from the battery itself, which means the battery is then not just the determining factor governing the range of the vehicle, it’s actually a valuable asset in the vehicle. What does the industry do with that asset? One approach is to develop technology that leads the battery life cycle “journey” all the way from battery formation through its second life.
For example, the useful life of the battery is defined by several factors that goes beyond of its production. What were the precise conditions during cell formation? How carefully was the cell handled at the warehouse, during transportation and during battery-pack manufacturing and assembly? What were the conditions during its operation in the vehicle and over the road?
Technology is developed to understand the state of health of the battery cell through operation to determine how the battery cell might be used in second-life applications, for instance powering an airport shuttle, a forklift or an electric bike, storing energy from renewable sources like wind and solar or ending up as a cell in the vehicle charging network.
The decision to treat batteries as a quasi-renewable asset means fewer resources end up in landfills. And, during operation, there is the benefit of saving carbon emissions from the atmosphere.